After Sunday's attack on a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida, where 49 people were killed by a gunman, vigils in the US, UK and elsewhere have shown solidarity and support for LGBT lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people worldwide. But in Iran, committing homosexual acts can incur the death penalty, and being gay can put severe strain on family relationships. Sara, who is 23, has lived in her mother's house with her year-old girlfriend for four years. Here, both mother and daughter explain how difficult their life has become.
Being Lesbian and Trans in Iran
Being Lesbian and Trans in Iran | OutRight Action International
The sociologist stated that there are lesbians in Iran as in many other societies in the world. Lesbianism is prevalent and is a phenomenon that has existed for a long time. The sociologist added that many Iranian women would engage in lesbian acts to satisfy their sexual desires before being married to a man. This situation is the result of the strict code of conduct regulating male-female relationship in Iran where it is easier and socially acceptable to be close to people of the same gender.
Living with my lesbian partner where it's illegal to be gay
This report was developed through interviews with 34 trans Iranians, within and outside Iran, as well as through research into a wide range of text-based sources and through limited responses from the Iranian government. This report is intended primarily as a resource for the Iranian trans community and for trans rights advocates working in and around Iran. The Islamic Republic of Iran conceptualizes trans people through the clinical framework of gender identity disorder GID and, in response, provides limited subsidized support to specific forms of transition- related healthcare—including gender confirmation surgery GCS , hormone replacement therapy HRT , and various forms of psychosocial counseling. This report sets out the research findings of OutRight Action International OutRight in relation to the human rights of lesbians in Iran, in law, policy, and practice. The report begins with a consideration of the legal-political environment relevant to lesbians in Iran; it then examines the human rights violations and abuses that lesbians face in many areas of their lives.
While people can legally change their sex, sexual activity between members of the same sex is illegal and can be punishable by death. LGBT rights in Iran have come in conflict with the penal code since the s. Same-sex sexual activities are punishable by imprisonment,  corporal punishment , or execution.